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postgresql行转列

时间:2020-12-30 19:06来源:未知 点击:
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问:怎么分页&&按条件&&按顺序&&姓名不重复查出数据?

答:其实就是行转列,那么,postgresql怎么进行转列呢,百度了下,大概有三种写法

 

写法1 

group by + sum + case when

select name,
sum(case when zbfm='年龄' then value else 0 end) as 年龄,
sum(case when zbfm='身高' then value else 0 end) as 身高,
sum(case when zbfm='体重' then value else 0 end) as 体重
from test group by name
having name like '%1' and length(name)=4 order by 年龄 desc

 

写法2

用postgresql的crosstab交叉函数

crosstab(unknown, unknown) does not exist

select * from
crosstab(
'select name,zbfm,value from test where name like ''%1'' and length(name)=4',$$values('年龄'), ('身高'), ('体重')$$)
as score(name text, 年龄 int, 身高 int, 体重 int)
order by 年龄 desc

 

写法3

group by + string_agg + split_part(分组,行转列,字符切割)

select name, 
split_part(split_part(temp,',',1),':',2) as 年龄,
split_part(split_part(temp,',',2),':',2) as 身高,
split_part(split_part(temp,',',3),':',2) as 体重
from(
select name, string_agg(zbfm||':'||value,',') as temp from test
group by name 
having name like '%1' and length(name)=4
) as t order by 年龄 desc

group by + string_agg

select name, string_agg(zbfm||':'||value,',') from test
group by name 
having name like '%1' and length(name)=4

 

其他

建表语句

CREATE TABLE test
(
  id serial NOT NULL,
  value integer,
  name character varying,
  zbfm character varying,
  CONSTRAINT pkey PRIMARY KEY (id)
)

插入数据(python)

import psycopg2
from random import random
conn = psycopg2.connect(database="postgres", user="postgres", password="password", host="ip", port="port")
cur = conn.cursor()

def insertData():
    names = ['路人甲', '王尼玛', '唐马儒']
    zbfms = ['年龄', '身高', '体重']

    for i in range(100):
        sqlstr = 'insert into test(name, zbfm, value) values'
        for j in range(100):
            for name in names:
                for zbfm in zbfms:
                    sqlstr += "('%s','%s',%d),"%(name+str(i*100+j),zbfm,int(100*random()))
        cur.execute(sqlstr[:-1])
        conn.commit()
        print(i)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    insertData()
    selectData()

 

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